Home World Amnesty: Lowest number of prisoners executed in 2018

Amnesty: Lowest number of prisoners executed in 2018


At least 690 prisoners were executed in 20 countries in 2018, marking a 31 percent fall from at least 993 the previous year, according to Amnesty International that reported the fewest deaths by capital punishment in at least a decade.

A total of 2,531 death sentences were also imposed in 54 countries last year, decreasing from 2,591 recorded worldwide in 2017 according to a report published on Wednesday by the UK-based rights group that hailed the significant decline in global executions.

As in previous years, China, where figures believed to be in the thousands are classified as a state secret, remained the most prolific executor, Amnesty said, followed by Iran, Saudi Arabia, Vietnam and Iraq. Together, the five countries accounted for 78 percent of total reported executions.

“It’s very encouraging that known executions were the lowest at the end of 2018, but it is challenging to define clear reasons for the decreases and whether these reductions will be sustained in the coming years,” Oluwatosin Popoola, Amnesty International adviser on the death penalty, told Al Jazeera.

Executions recorded globally

Infogram logo

Executions in Iran dropped by 50 percent in 2018 following amendments to drug legislation that increased the minimum amounts of drugs for death penalty offences. The change meant executions were put on hold while cases were reviewed.

Iraq, which executed at least 52 people, and Pakistan, which executed more than 14, also showed a downward trend. Meanwhile, Somalia almost halved its executions from 24 in 2017 to 13 last year.

Amnesty’s report comes after London-based NGO Harm Reduction International (HRI) revealed a drop of 68 percent in executions worldwide for drug crimes from 288 to 91 in 2018. READ MORE

Madhya Pradesh: The Indian state with most death row cases

Popoola said that “while the global figures of executions undoubtedly tell a positive story for 2018, there were also concerning developments which show that it’s not yet time to lift the pressure.”

“The death penalty continued to be used in many cases against international law and standards in the absence of a fair trial and for non-lethal crimes such as drug-related offences,” he said.

Amnesty found increases in executions in Japan, Singapore, South Sudan, Belarus and the United States. Japan and Singapore both recorded the highest number of executions in a decade.

Methods of recorded executions included beheading in Saudi Arabia, electrocution in the US, and hanging, lethal injection and shooting in other countries.

Calls for reform in Pakistan

Following a 77 percent decline in executions, Pakistan was not ranked among the top five executing countries for the first time in four years.

While the “dramatic decrease in executions is heartening to see,” Pakistan was “far from structural reform,” according to Sarah Belal, executive director of rights group Justice Project Pakistan (JPP).

“This drop in executions cannot be taken as a correction to Pakistan’s abhorrent history of handing out death sentences and executing the mentally ill, juveniles and those wrongfully convicted,” said Belal.

According to Amnesty’s report, at least 250 people were sentenced to death in Pakistan – a 25 percent increase from 2017.

With more than 4,600 awaiting execution, according to data received by JPP, Pakistan has one of the world’s largest death row populations.

In a leading case last year, Aasia Bibi, a Christian woman, was acquitted of blasphemy and released from prison after eight years on death row.

The Supreme Court verdict in October sparked days of protests by far-right religious groups, death threats and chaos across the country.

JPP’s Belal said the landmark case not only sets a good precedent but is also an “indictment of Pakistan’s disproportionate use of the death penalty against the most vulnerable”.

Pakistani protesters burn a poster image of Christian woman Aasia Bibi in Hyderabad, Pakistan [File: Pervez Masih/AP]

She said her organisation is working with the new government to reform the process of filing a mercy petition and reducing the number of offences punishable by death – currently at 33 – among other things.

‘Closer to abolition’

Meanwhile, other countries took steps towards abolition last year, Amnesty said.

In June, Burkina Faso abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes, while both The Gambia and Malaysia declared an official moratorium on executions.

No executions were reported in Bahrain, Bangladesh, Jordan, Kuwait, Malaysia, Palestine and the United Arab Emirates.

Death penalty examined at Belgium forum (2:38)

In December, a record high of 121 countries at the United Nations General Assembly voted in favour of establishing a moratorium on executions with a view to abolish capital punishment.

Nevertheless, people continue to be sentenced to death.

Data obtained by Amnesty showed 109 death sentences were imposed in Malaysia last year bringing the number of people awaiting execution to 1,275, nearly three-quarters of them convicted for drug-related offences.

The government is expected to introduce legislation to abolish mandatory death sentences when parliament next sits in July, after a conservative backlash against plans for complete abolition.

“I strongly believe that the government knows exactly what is the right thing to do,” Amnesty International Malaysia’s Executive Director Shamini Darshni Kaliemuthu said in Kuala Lumpur. “They know they need to abolish in totality. What we need is a roadmap on how we are going to get there.”

By the end of 2018, the total number of countries that had abolished the death penalty for all crimes remained at 106. The number that had abolished in law or in practice was 142, the report said.

“Only a minority of countries in the world actively use the death penalty today, so we are closer to the complete and global abolition of the death penalty, more than ever before,” added Amnesty’s Popoola.

But with more than 19,000 prisoners still on death row around the world, Popoola said more was needed to end the “ultimate cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment which has no place in the 21st century”.

“We cannot afford to rest on our laurels, but continue to call on countries that use the death penalty to abolish this punishment.”

Additional reporting by Kate Mayberry

The politics of death row

Source: Aljazeera


  1. Thank you for all your valuable efforts on this website. Kate takes pleasure in carrying out investigations and it’s really simple to grasp why. Most of us hear all relating to the lively manner you make priceless strategies by means of your web site and foster participation from some other people on this subject so our own child is always learning so much. Enjoy the rest of the year. You’re the one carrying out a remarkable job.

  2. Can I simply say what a relief to search out somebody who truly is aware of what theyre talking about on the internet. You positively know the best way to convey an issue to light and make it important. Extra individuals have to read this and perceive this aspect of the story. I cant consider youre not more common because you positively have the gift. metronidazole 250 mg.

  3. I just want to tell you that I’m all new to weblog and seriously enjoyed you’re blog. Most likely I’m planning to bookmark your website . You definitely have remarkable articles and reviews. Thanks a bunch for sharing your blog site.

  4. como funciona lance livre consorcio honda consorcio credito itau simulador consorcio de carros porto seguro valores de consorcio de veiculos bradesco consorcio de carros sicoob consorcio de carros semi novos caixa consorcio santander veiculos usados preco de consorcio de carros chevrolet consorcio sicoob veiculos simulacao consorcio caixa veiculos simulacao.

  5. consorcio bb imovel simulacao simulador de consorcio imobiliario caixa economica caixa economica consorcio imoveis simulador consorcio imovel porto seguro atendimento ao cliente consorcio bradesco imoveis simulador consorcio imovel banco santander consorcio de imoveis bb consorcio de imoveis porto seguro e confiavel consorcio imoveis banco do brasil consorcio imovel porto seguro simulacao consorcio imovel caixa simulacao consorcio contemplado de imoveis banco do brasil.

  6. consorcio contemplado caminhoes consorcio de caminhoes no brasil consorcio para maquinas pesadas consorcio para maquinas e equipamentos carta de credito contemplada para caminhao consorcio caminhoes usados consorcio contemplado caminhao mg consorcio de caminhoes usados em goiania carta de credito de caminhao consorcio caminhao usado contemplado consorcio de onibus contemplado consorcio volvo caminhoes contemplados consorcio para caminhao usado consorcio de maquinas.

  7. I needed to create you the little bit of observation in order to thank you as before for these magnificent principles you have discussed above. This has been certainly pretty open-handed with people like you to allow freely precisely what many of us would’ve offered for sale as an ebook in order to make some profit on their own, certainly seeing that you might well have tried it if you wanted. Those principles likewise acted to be a great way to fully grasp most people have a similar fervor like my very own to know somewhat more in terms of this problem. I am sure there are a lot more enjoyable times up front for individuals who read carefully your blog.

  8. carta credito de automoveis de luxo consorcio de veiculo de luxo consorcio de carro de luxo carta de credito de veiculo de luxo carta de credito de carros de luxo carta credito de carro de luxo carta de credito de veiculo de luxo carta de credito de veiculo de luxo consorcio de carro de luxo consorcios de carros de luxo cartas de credito de carros de luxo carta credito de automovel de luxo carta credito de automoveis de luxo consorcios de carros de luxo carta de credito de carros de luxo cartas credito de carro de luxo.

  9. Yet another issue is really that video gaming became one of the all-time greatest forms of excitement for people spanning various ages. Kids have fun with video games, plus adults do, too. The particular XBox 360 is one of the favorite gaming systems for those who love to have hundreds of video games available to them, in addition to who like to learn live with other people all over the world. Thank you for sharing your ideas. cialis sans ordonnance.

  10. consorcio bradesco imoveis tabela consorcio imovel santander simulador consorcio imovel contemplado rs consorcio imovel bradesco vale a pena consorcio de imoveis porto seguro consorcio porto seguro para imovel e bom consorcio imobiliario bradesco para construcao consorcio de imovel pela caixa economica federal consorcio imoveis banco do brasil consorcio imovel bb simulador tabela de precos consorcio imobiliario porto seguro consorcio imovel banco do brasil simulador.

  11. consorcio imovel porto seguro consorcio imobiliario magazine luiza reclame aqui consorcio imobiliario santander reclame aqui consorcio de imoveis bradesco reclame aqui consorcio imobiliario itau como funciona consorcio de imoveis caixa simulacao consorcio sicredi imoveis reclame aqui simulador de consorcio imobiliario caixa economica consorcio de imovel santander consorcio imovel bradesco vale a pena consorcio de imoveis itau simulador simulador consorcio imovel caixa economica federal.

  12. I blog often and I genuinely appreciate your information. The article has really peaked my interest. I am going to take a note of your site and keep checking for new information about once per week. I subscribed to your RSS feed as well.

  13. Great – I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs and related info ended up being truly easy to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, web site theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Excellent task. Cialis over counter walmart

  14. Right here is the perfect web site for anybody who wants to understand this topic. You understand a whole lot its almost hard to argue with you (not that I personally would want to…HaHa). You certainly put a fresh spin on a subject that’s been discussed for decades. Great stuff, just great.

  15. Excellent read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing a little research on that. And he actually bought me lunch since I found it for him smile So let me rephrase that: Thank you for lunch! “Feeling passionate about something is like getting a peak at your soul smiling back at you.” by Amanda Medinger.

  16. Aw, this was a really nice post. In concept I want to put in writing like this additionally – taking time and precise effort to make a very good article… however what can I say… I procrastinate alot and on no account seem to get something done.

  17. Good post. I be taught one thing tougher on totally different blogs everyday. It’s going to at all times be stimulating to read content from other writers and apply a little bit one thing from their store. I’d prefer to use some with the content material on my blog whether you don’t mind. Natually I’ll offer you a hyperlink on your internet blog. Thanks for sharing.

  18. I have discovered that costs for on-line degree specialists tend to be a great value. For example a full Bachelors Degree in Communication with the University of Phoenix Online consists of Sixty credits from $515/credit or $30,900. Also American Intercontinental University Online gives a Bachelors of Business Administration with a complete study course feature of 180 units and a worth of $30,560. Online learning has made taking your higher education degree far more easy because you may earn your degree from the comfort of your abode and when you finish from office. Thanks for all the tips I have certainly learned from your website.

  19. I would like to express some thanks to this writer for rescuing me from this type of issue. As a result of searching through the the web and seeing strategies which were not helpful, I thought my life was well over. Being alive devoid of the answers to the issues you’ve solved by way of this report is a crucial case, and ones that might have adversely damaged my entire career if I hadn’t come across the website. Your own expertise and kindness in taking care of the whole thing was precious. I am not sure what I would’ve done if I hadn’t come across such a subject like this. It’s possible to now relish my future. Thank you so much for this professional and result oriented help. I won’t be reluctant to endorse your web page to any person who would need guide on this issue.

  20. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have put in writing this blog. I am hoping the same high-grade website post from you in the upcoming also. Actually your creative writing skills has inspired me to get my own web site now. Actually the blogging is spreading its wings rapidly. Your write up is a great example of it.

  21. Simply desire to say your article is as astonishing. The clarity on your publish is simply nice and that i can think you are an expert in this subject. Fine with your permission allow me to snatch your feed to stay updated with coming near near post. Thank you 1,000,000 and please continue the rewarding work.